Saturday, December 12, 2015

Blog Post #10

Abstract: My research paper examines the multiple stressors a modern day student may undergo, yet emphasizes the stress of a part-time student in the American higher education system. Today, the college model is not fit for part-time students, who juggle many work hours with school work. Many part-time students become extremely discouraged, when they realize they will take much longer to graduate, along with the fact that the will have to put more of their money towards extra years at school. Even when students drop out, they are faced with the stress of paying off loans, and feeling inadequate. My paper focuses on the ideas of Stan Jones' "Complete College America," how the modern college model does not fit the average student. More students today are working now than ever, and schools need to accommodate to their needs. 



Bibliography
Aronowitz, Nona Willis. “Dropping Out, Again: Why So Many College Students Never Graduate.” NBC News. Nov. 17, 2014. Web. <<http://www.nbcnews.com/news/ education/dropping-out-again-why-so-many-college-students-never-graduate-n246956>>

Aselton, Pamela. "Sources Of Stress And Coping In American College Students Who Have Been Diagnosed With Depression." Journal Of Child & Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing 25.3 (2012): 119-123 5p. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 12 Dec. 2015.

Becker, Dana. “One Nation Under Stress: The Trouble With Stress as an Idea.” The Divine Conspiracy.” Web. <<http://www.thedivineconspiracy.org/Z5276J.pdf>>. 

Bland, Helen W., et al. "Stress Tolerance: New Challenges For Millennial College Students." College Student Journal 46.2 (2012): 362-375. Academic Search Premier. Web. 27 Oct. 2015.

Bousquet, Marc. “Students Are Already Workers.” How the University Works: Higher Education in the Low-Wage Nation. New York: NYU Press, 2008. 125-156. Print.

Dame, Jonathan. “Part-time Students Least Likely to Graduate on Time.” USA Today. Dec. 21, 2013. Web. <<http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation/2013/12/21/part-time- students-graduation-rate/4156239/>>.

Henriques, Gregg. “The College Student Mental Health Crisis.” Psychology Today. 15 Feb., 2014. Web. https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/theory-knowledge/201402/the- college-student-mental-health-crisis

Jones, Stan. “Testimony before the United States House of Representatives Subcommittee on Higher Education and Workforce Training.” Complete College America. Jul. 18, 2012. Web. http://edworkforce.house.gov/uploadedfiles/07.18.12_jones.pdf

Hilary Metcalf (2003) Increasing Inequality in Higher Education: The role of term-time working, Oxford Review of Education, 29:3, 315-329, DOI: 10.1080/03054980307447. To link to this article: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/03054980307447

Moro-Egido, Ana I., and Judith Panades. "An Analysis Of Student Satisfaction: Full-Time Vs. Part-Time Students." Social Indicators Research 96.2 (2010): 363-378. ERIC. Web. 6 Dec. 2015.

“One Nation Under Stress, With To-Do Lists and Yoga For All.” NPR. Mar. 12, 2013. Web. http://www.npr.org/2013/03/11/174043501/modern-interpretations-of-stress-place-focus- on-feeling-not-causes

Ripley, Amanda. “How to Graduate from Starbucks.” The Atlantic (May2015): 60-72. Print and Web.

Shaik, Irfan. “How do Rutgers students deal with anxiety?” The Daily Targum. n.p. Oct. 19, 2015. Web. <<http://www.dailytargum.com/article/2015/10/how-do-rutgers-students- deal-with-anxiety>>

Weissmann, Jordan. “America’s Awful College Dropout Rates, in Four Charts.” Slate. Nov., 19, 2014. Web. <<http://www.slate.com/blogs/moneybox/2014/11/19 u_s_college_dropout s_rates_explained_in_4_charts.html>>. 

$ALT.  The Red.  Online video.  YouTube.  2 May 2013.  https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ei52AsqyoYk

Monday, December 7, 2015

Interview

I interviewed Sierra Gratale, a junior at Rutgers University studying information technology. Over the summer, she acquired an internship with Bayer, and she was asked to continue her internship through the school year. She agreed, which requires her to work over forty hours a week, along with her job at the Help Desk here at Rutgers. She takes 18.5 credits, and attempted becoming a part-time student because of her extensive work hours, however, Rutgers only allows seniors who have their general education requirements completed to become part-time students. In order to become a part-time student, Sierra would have had to drop out of Rutgers and then re-apply as part-time. 
Sierra is paying for college on her own, which convinced herself to continue as a full-time student while working about forty-eight hours a week. Even though some of her classes are online, eighteen credits is a lot for someone working two jobs. Although Sierra is technically not a part-time student, she has acquired their hectic lifestyle along with more credits. To say she is stressed would say the least. 

Sierra is a perfect example of a hard-working student who has undergone a large amount of stress over the semester, and has little time for herself. She feels she is missing out on fun experiences with her friends and time to destress in general. She rarely has time for exercising or running, which she used to enjoy. All of the work she is enduring is starting to take a toll on her. 

Saturday, December 5, 2015

Blog Post #9

Like the focus of my paper, my main argument is reinstating how difficult it is for some students to succeed in higher education with a college model that does not fit their current circumstances. The ideal college model is designed for residential college students who have a relatively good financial-standing, yet the majority of college students do not attend residential colleges, without working, or relying on their parents to pay for their education. Most students today are full-time students working almost twenty hours per week, or working more hours and resorting to part-time education. As a part-time student, it will take you longer to graduate, which is extra years at school, and more loans to pay off, which causes a great deal of stress and may ultimately cause students to drop out. Also, working so many hours per week may lead them to fall behind with academics, and fail courses. Over the last years, tuition has increased dramatically, and we have slowly closed the achievement gaps in higher education. With competitive markets today, students have learned that a high school degree is not enough, and it is unlikely to get a well-paying job without a college degree. It is difficult for older individuals to understand the troubles and needs of the working student. Many parents do not understand the amount of stress students undergo almost everyday, arguing that they simply need to learn time-management, or prioritize their studies. However, studies have shown that students who work part-time, are unable to enjoy most of their college career, thus making them undergo larger amounts of stress, could possibly lead them to become depressed, and inhibit them from creating connections for future jobs. 

Literature Review #5


1. Visual: Stan Jones



2. Citation: 
Jones, Stan. “Testimony before the United States House of Representatives Subcommittee on Higher Education and Workforce Training.” Complete College America. Jul. 18, 2012. Web. http://edworkforce.house.gov/uploadedfiles/07.18.12_jones.pdf

3. Summary: We have a new majority of students in America today, which is the part-time student. Yet colleges in America are designed and well-suited for the full-time residential student. Stan Jones argues that we need to reinvent this ideal model in American education, because as time goes on, and tuition increases, the needs for students change who are paying for college on their own. His first argument is that colleges must become more efficient and tuition must become more affordable, or we will not be able to regain our intellectual leadership in the world. He also makes a great argument about time being the enemy: when a student works, it will most likely take longer for them to complete their degree, thus more to pay, which may lead to them becoming discouraged and ultimately dropping out. 

4. Author - Stan Jones is the President of Complete College America, which is a national nonprofit established in 2009 which aims to work with states to increase the number of Americans with quality career certificates or college degrees and to close attainment gaps for traditionally underrepresented populations. 

5. Key Terms: 
1. Complete College America - Complete College America is a national nonprofit with a single mission: to work with states to significantly increase the number of Americans with quality career certificates or college degrees and to close attainment gaps for traditionally underrepresented populations.
2. Accountability of states - States must hold themselves, students, and institutions accountable for success.  

6. Quotes:
1. “These students must often delicately balance long hours at jobs they must have with the higher education they desire. Approximately 40% of all American college students today feel they can only manage to attend part-time. And just one-quarter of American college students attend full-time at residential colleges.” (Page 2)
2. “Historic data has proven that time is the enemy of college completion: the longer it takes to graduate, the less likely one is to do so. And more time on campus means more is spent on college, adding high costs as another cause for dropping out.” (Page 2)
3. “Barely more than half of full-time students graduate with 4-year bachelor’s degrees in six years - and fewer than three in ten pursuing 2-year associate degrees at our community colleges graduate in three years! Sadly, part-time students graduate at even lower rates.” (Page 3)


7. Value - Stan Jones addresses the issue with the majority of undergraduate students working in order to achieve the education they desire. Many students need to pay for their college education, and it order to do so, many acquire part-time jobs. Although this majority of students is only increasing as price of most colleges increase, American higher education in general is still designed for full-time residential students. Stan Jones believes that we need to reinvent American higher education.

Literature Review #4

  1. Visual 


2. Citation:
Nonis, Sarath A., and Gail I. Hudson. "Academic Performance Of College Students: Influence Of Time Spent Studying And Working." Journal Of Education For Business 81.3 (2006): 151-159. Academic Search Premier. Web. 5 Dec. 2015.

3. Summary: This article looks at how today’s college student’s are so underprepared when they go to college because students do not spend enough time studying. Many students spend most of their time working, some even full time. This article contains a study about students who are able to spend their free-time studying, while others spend theirs at work, and look at the affects it has on the students. 

4. Authors: SARATH A. NONIS, GAIL I. HUDSON
Dr. Sarath Nonis is a professor of marketing at Arkansas State University. He has his Ph.D in marketing, and specializes in applied research, international marketing, and services for marketing strategies, which is related to the business aspect of the article because there is a slight focus on marketing students. He also researches stress and coping amongst students. 
Gail I. Hudson is also a professor at Arkansas State University, with a Ph.D for marketing and marketing research. Her research specializes in student learning, motivation, and commitment. 

5. Key Terms:
1. Regression Models: regression analysis is a statistical process for estimating the relationships among variables.
2. Descriptive Statistics: numbers that are used to summarize and describe data.

6. Quotes (3)
-“39% of college freshmen work 16 or more hours per week, an increase of 4% since 1993.” (Page 151)
-“One reason for a lack of research in this area may be the common belief among most students and academicians that more time spent studying outside of class positively influences academic performance and that more time spent working negatively influences academic performance.” (Page 152)
-“In the same vein, one can argue that it is simply the study behavior that ultimately brings about the desired performance and not students’ inner desires or motivations. This is supported by the widely held belief that it is hard work (i.e., time spent on academic activities outside of class by a student) that results in academic success and that laziness and procrastination ultimately result in academic failure (Paden & Stell, 1997).” (Page 152)

7. Value: Although there is a focus on business students, it is interesting to read about the number of students that spend most of their time working a part-time job, and therefore have fewer hours during the week to spend on studying or any academic work. Limited hours cause a significant amount of stress, especially with a large amount of work and difficult classes. It is obvious that students today are working more than ever, however, research says that students with motivation are able to achieve the same GPA as their peers who do not work. Results indicated that the relationships that college students’ abilities (ACT composite score), motivation, and behavior have with academic performance are more complex than what individuals believe them to be. Both of the two hypothesis that suggested number of hours do not affect a student’s GPA were proved wrong. 

Monday, November 16, 2015

Blog Post #7

My case for the research paper is that students are being placed with an overwhelming amount of stress in their every day lives throughout their college years. All of this stress leaves them exhausted, and many students begin to feel anxious and depressed. Along with the stress, many students will rely on self-medication: for example alcohol and other drugs. Expectations for students to receive the highest grades, maintain an adequate social life, work, and acquire an internship is too much for one individual. Many students need to work part-time while being full-time students, which is extremely difficult especially with a heavy work load in specific courses. For my case, I have acquired multiple statistics on students with anxiety and depression, and specific cases of students from scholarly articles and journals. 

This is an article that I found very useful for my topic:


Research Blog #6: Visual



I have chose this visual because it provides very important statistics within one image. I have also found visuals similar to this one, in regards to statistics concerning students with depression. This image reveals how many students stress daily, and feel overwhelmed, and exhausted almost every day. Percentages are relatively high: 86% of students feel overwhelmed, and 81% feel exhausted. A high 30% of college students have felt too depressed to function, which over one-fourth of college students. A considerable amount have also considered suicide. If we do not work to help students during their college experience, these numbers will only rise with the overwhelming amounts of pressure placed on them.